Flukes are not the name of a single disease but rather the name of a number of parasites. The term flukes are used for a number of different about 1 mm long flat worms that all can be treated and diagnosed in the same way. Unlike many other health problems in fish, flukes can infect healthy fish if introduced to your aquarium and it is therefore important to try and prevent them from ever reaching your aquarium in the fist place.
Preventing flukes from entering your aquarium can be done by quarantining all new fish for a couple of weeks before letting them into your main aquarium and by avoid using live food from insecure sources such as water with fish in them. Ideally you should avoid feeding live food that you haven't cultivated yourself to make sure that you avoid the introduction of flukes with the live fish food.
The symptoms of flukes are similar to those of ich/ick. It is however possible to see the difference using a handheld magnifying glass. If you are dealing with flukes you should be able to see eyes and movement which you won't see if you are dealing with ich/ick. Common symptoms include fish scratching itself against everything all the time, mucus on gills or body, sunken in bellies, rapid breathing, and reddened skin. In severe cases the fins on infected fish can be eaten clean of the fish. Flukes will if left untreated kill the fish by destroying its gills.
Fluke treatment is carried out using potassium permanganate. You can either bathe the sick fish in a potassium permanganate solution (10mg per litre water) for about 20-30 minutes or treat the entire holding tank. Treating the entire tank will help make sure that you kill all flukes and help you avoid a new fluke problem, but it will be a little messy as potassium permanganate will color the water in the aquarium. Despite this I recommend the later option as it is safer and doesn't involving catching the sick fish and subjecting it to extra stress, and because it helps make sure that all flukes are eradicated.
Didn't find the info you were looking for? Register for free and ask your question in our Aquarium forum !
Our knowledgeable staff usually responds to any question within 24 hours
- Summary of the fish disease argulus
- Information on diagnosing and treating anchor worms.
Buying Healthy fish
- An article about how to avoid diseases by buying healthy fish
Common fish diseases.
- An introduction to the more common fish diseases your fish might get.
- Information on diagnosing and treating Chilodonella.
- Information on diagnosing and treating constipation in fish.
- Information on diagnosing and treating costia.
Danger Signs With Your Fishes
- How to recognise the the existence of ill health in a fish.
- Information on diagnosing and treating the dreaded dropsy.
- Information on diagnosing and treating ergasilus
- Information on diagnosing and treating eye problems in fish.
- How to examine dead fish for evidence of external parasites or internal problems.
- Causes and symptoms of fish TB. Mycobacterium marinum. Possible treatment. There is some danger to humans when servicing
Fungus in fish
- Information on diagnosing and treating fungis in fish.
Ich: An Old Cure for an Old Disease
- Information on diagnosing and treating anchor worms.Natural methods to cure ich
Glugea and Henneguya
- Information on diagnosing and curing glugea and henneguya.
- Information on diagnosing and treating hexamita.
- Information on diagnosing and treating hole in the head.
- Information on diagnosing and treating ichthyosporidium.
Injuries in fish
- Information on how to care for injured fish
Leeches in aquariums
- How to prevent and control leeches in your aquarium.
- Information on diagnosing and treating lymphocystis.
- Information on diagnosing and treating the saltwater disease "marine velvet".
- Information on diagnosing and treating nematodes.
Neon Tetra Disease
- Information on diagnosing and treating neon tetra disease.
Parasites and Similar Problem Organisms
- Various fish parasites, some normally free-swimming organisms, and various species of algae can become a problem.
- An article about how you can prevent diseases among your fish.
- An introduction to Quarantine Aquariums.
Red Pest Disease
- Information on diagnosing and treating red pest.
- Information on diagnosing scale protrusion and how to treat it.
- Information on the different causes of swim bladder problems and how the problem can be treated.
Tail & Fin Rot
- Information on diagnosing and treating tail an fin rot.
- Summary of treating fish disease argulus
Treating White Spot Disease
- Symptoms of Ich, its life cycle, and treatments using either malachite green or aquarium salt.
- An introduction to the art of treating fish that suffers from a disease.
Tumors in fish
- Information on tumors in fish
- Information on diagnosing and treating Uronema marinum.
- Information on diagnosing and treating velvet