Van Heurn's Rainbowfish - Melanotaenia vanheurni
Van Heurn's Rainbowfish was scientifically described by Weber & Beaufort in 1922. Its scientific name is Melanotaenia vanheurni. It was found in 1920 by a Dutch zoologist and explorer named Van Heurn.
This large rainbowfish can reach a length of almost 20 cm (7.9 inches). The body is brown or olive coloured on the back, while the lower sides are yellow. The body is adorned with a distinct blue-black mid-lateral stripe, and yellow or white stripes run along the upper and lower margin of it.
When the male fish is ready to spawn, he will show a pulsing golden glow on top of this head.
Geographical distribution, habitat and conservation
Van Heurn's Rainbowfish inhabits small creeks and tributaries in the Mamberamo region of northern West Papua (formerly known as Irian Jaya). It has only been found in the Dorrman River and the Taritatu River (formerly known as Idenburg River). It seems to favour clear rainforest streams and has never been encountered in large turbid rivers, including the Mamberamo River. The typical Van Heurn's Rainbowfish habitat has slow or relatively swift flowing water and the bottom consists of rocks or sand. The temperature stays within the 25-28 degrees C (77-82 degrees F) range and the water is alkaline, from 7.1 to 7.5.
Van Heurn's Rainbowfish is listed as “Data deficient” in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Keeping Van Heurn's Rainbowfish in aquariums
Van Heurn's Rainbowfish is not a commonly kept aquarium fish. Before you decide to get one, remember that it grows really big compared to most other rainbowfishes and therefore needs a larger aquarium. It is a peaceful species that can be kept with its own kind only in a species aquarium or be combined with other non-aggressive species in a community aquarium. Keep the water a bit alkaline, from pH 7.1 to 7.5, and the water temperature around 27 degrees C (81 degrees F).
Breeding Van Heurn's RainbowfishAs far as we know, Van Heurn's Rainbowfish has not been bred in aquariums
Other New Guinea Rainbowfishes
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Lake Wanam Rainbowfish
Goldie River Rainbowfish
Lake Tebera Rainbowfish
Irian Jaya Rainbowfish
Lake Kutubu Rainbowfish
Lake Kurumoi Rainbowfish
Pima River Rainbowfish
Dwarf Neon Rainbowfish
Fly River Rainbowfish
Red Striped Rainbowfish
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Lake Victoria Cichlids
Marine Aquarium Fish
Responsible Fish Keeping
South American Cichlids
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