Bald Eagle Fact
wildlife
 

Bald Eagle Facts


Bald Eagle Facts – Range and habitat
The geographical range for the Bald Eagle includes most of the North American continent, and Bald Eagles can be found in Canada, in the United States and in the northern parts of Mexico. With the exception of Hawaii, Bald Eagles inhabit every U.S. state. As of 2006, only one Bald Eagle has ever been hatched outside the North American continent. The rare incident took place in a German zoo on May 3, 2006.

Bald Eagles that live and breed in Canada and the northern parts of the U.S. migrate south during the winter. Bald Eagles that live and breed in warmer regions can sometimes migrate slightly north during the warmest part of the summer season.   

The Bald Eagle can live in a wide range of different habitats, and is for instance found in the the Mississippi River delta, in the large deciduous forest systems in Canadian and in the Sonoran desert along the border between Mexico and the United States. The Bald Eagle feed primarily on fish and will therefore seek out habitats with large bodies of open water. It can hunt in marine environments as well as in lakes, rivers and marshes. Bald Eagle habitat will also typically contain tall trees since these are the preferred nesting places for the Bald Eagle.

Bald Eagle Fact – Feeding
The primary food source for the Bald Eagle is fish, but this skilled predator can catch a wide range of other small animals such as rabbits, snakes, turtles and coots. The Bald Eagle will also occasionally feed on carrion.  

The Bald Eagle has developed really strong feet that come to good used when the bird swoops down and seizes fish or other animals with its long and sharp talons. One amazing Bald Eagle fact is that this bird is capable of creating approximately 1,000 pounds of pressure per square inch in each foot. Another remarkable Bald Eagle fact is how they can fly to altitudes above 10,000 feet. They use thermal updrafts and wind currents to stay in the air and can soar for hours. Bald Eagles have been showed to reach a pace of approximately 44 miles per hours during level flight. When they dive, their speed will increase up to 75-100 miles per hour. Vertical dives are uncommon in Bald Eagles, and they will instead gradually descend down until they have caught their prey.

The Bald Eagle will typically carry its prey off in flight, but can lift no more than roughly half its own weight. A less known Bald Eagle fact is that bird can actually swim. If the fish is too heavy, the Bald Eagle will simply swim to shore using its wings as paddles.

Bald Eagle Facts – Breeding
A Bald Eagle fact that has fascinated humans for thousands of years is how this species form monogamous pairs and mate for life. Only when his or her spouse dies will the Bald Eagle try to find a new mate. The Bald Eagle couples build huge nests together. These nests are called eyries and are located at the top of tall trees. Each new breeding season, the Bald Eagle couple will return to their old nest add bring more nesting materials. This way, the nest will grow larger and larger as the Bald Eagles grow older. The female Bald Eagle will lay 1 to 3 eggs during each breeding season. After approximately 35 days of incubation the eggs will hatch, but the eaglets must stay in the nest for at least 12 more weeks until they are big enough to fly. Feeding and brooding duties are shared by both parents.

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