Black bear facts
wildlife
 

Black bear facts


Black bear fact about range and habitat
The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is native to the North American continent. You can still find Black bears from Canada and Alaska in the north to Mexico in the south. They range from the Pacific coast in the west to the Atlantic coast in the east.

In the United States, Black bear habitat is found in 39 of the states. In the southern and east-central parts of the nation the Black bears are typically found in mountain environments and in the protected forests that are located in parks and preserves.

Black bear facts regarding habitat show us that they appreciate shrubby areas, but can venture into a wide range of other environments too, such as high tidelands, swampy meadows, regions newly affected by forest fires, and vegetated areas located on each side of streams and rivers. You can also encounter Black bears in conifer forests and they are skilled tree climbers.

During early spring, when the Black bear have just woken up, it is commonly found in southerly slopes at a low altitude since this is where the spring has advanced the most. As the summer progresses, the Black bear will venture into northerly slopes and can also decide to move to higher altitudes.

Black bear facts about coloration  
An adult Black bear does not necessary have to be pure black, the coloration can also be chocolate brown, cinnamon, blond or even white. Black bears will sometimes have a slight white chest blaze.

The Black bears living in the eastern part of North America are usually black, while those living west of the Mississippi River and Ontario tend to display the chocolate, cinnamon and blond coat variations. Along the central coast of British Columbia you can encounter the white Kermode bear. This is a rare type of Black bear and the white or cream-coloured coat is caused by a recessive gene. The Kermode bear is not an albino Black bear. It is sometimes referred to as the Spirit bear.

Black bear fact about feeding

The Black bear is an omnivore species that feed on a broad range of different foods. It is a skilled predator and can kill really large prey such as the adult elk. It will however also eat much larger animals, including ants, termites, bees, wasps and rodents. Black bear facts obtained from several studies show that these bears rely heavily on fruits, nuts, herbs, mast and grasses. They will also use their keen sense of smell to located carrion. When the Black bear is close to water, it will feed on salmon, trout, sucker fish, crayfish, alligator eggs and other creatures that it manage to catch. It is an unfortunate Black bear fact that these bears sometimes seek up human settlements to find food. The risk is especially high if the natural supply food is scarce for the Black bear in its habitat and when humans leave garbage out in improperly sealed containers. The Black bear can visit orchards in search of fruit, eat agricultural crops and even raid beehives. The Black bear is also known to occasionally attack domesticated animals such as pigs and sheep if forced to by a lack of suitable wild prey.

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