African Cichlid Fish type of african cichlid
African Cichlids


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African Cichlid Fish

A lot of the famous African cichlids hail from one of the Great Rift Valley lakes on the African continent; chiefly Lake Malawi, Lake Victoria or Lake Tanganyika. There are however a wide range of interesting cichlid species that comes from other African rivers and lakes. The River Nile, River Niger, River Zaire, River Gambia and River Zambezi are all inhabited by cichlids. The Okavango River Delta, the Sierra Leone regions and Lake Volta and Lake Albert are other places where you can find cichlids. The rainforest in Central Africa is also home to numerous cichlid species. Generally speaking, these waters are acidic, but some of them are alkaline so it is important that you research your particular species in order to find out its requirements.

One of the cichlid species that belong to the “Other African Cichlids” group is the Nigeria Green (Pelvicachromis taeniatus). This cichlid is found in soft and acidic waters in Nigeria and Cameroon. The male can grow up to 3.5 inches, while the female stays at 2.5 inches. If you manage to get your Nigeria Green cichlids into spawning conditions, the male will display a strong and very beautiful metallic green coloration with shades of red, violet and gold. The female will also show more vivid colors during the breeding period. The middle of her body will develop red and silvery colors, while her throat becomes bright yellow.

Another popular cichlid in this group is Hemichromis bimaculatus. This cichlid can reach a size of nearly 5.5 inches (14 centimeters) and is comparatively easy to breed in aquariums. Hemichromis bimaculatus is one of several species that is sold under the name Jewel Cichlid or Jeweled Cichlid. Hemichromis bimaculatus is also known as Red Cichlid. Since Hemichromis bimaculatus is an aggressive species you should only house it with sturdy species that will not tolerate being bullied. As long as they are kept with sturdy species of similar size they will however be quite peaceful, and their reputation as overly aggressive is highly undeserved. This reputation is probably caused by aquarists trying to house Hemichromis bimaculatus with timid fish species in a small aquarium, or during the breeding period. Just like many other cichlid species, breeding Hemichromis bimaculatus will defend their territory violently if necessary. Hemichromis bimaculatus need at least a 150 liters (40 gallon) aquarium. You can for instance keep your Hemichromis bimaculatus cichlids with other Hemichromis species, or with Barbs and Danio. A lot of the South American cichlids are also suitable. Decorate the aquarium with rocks and make sure that you create a lot of hiding places where the fish can hide and stay out of sight. Hemichromis bimaculatus can damage plants and rocks and other similar aquarium ornaments are therefore more suitable as aquarium decoration. Sturdy plants such as Anubias, Javafern and Amazon Sword will however usually withstand the attacks from a few Hemichromis bimaculatus. Keep the pH-value in the 6.5-7.5 range and the water temperature between 23-27 degrees C (74-80 degrees F).

African Cichlid Articles

Jewel cichlid - Information about Jewel cichlid
Egyptian Mouthbrooder - Informtion on how to keep and breed this classic cichlid.
Jeweled cichlids - Information about Jeweled cichlids
Lionhead cichlid - Information on how to keep and breed this species.
Pelvicachromis taeniatus "Nigeria green" - Information on how to keep and care for this Krib.
Spawning Stomatepia pindu - This mouthbrooding cichlid comes from a crater lake in Cameroon, West Africa.
West African Dwarf Cichlid - Learn how to keep and breed this sensetive cichlid.

Malawi Cichlid Articles

Aulonocara - Information about Aulonocara
Breeding Aulonocara - Information about Breeding Aulonocara
Breeding the Sulphur-Crested Lithobate: Otopharynx lithobates - A detailed article about breeding this Lake Malawi mouthbrooder, together with some useful general tips.
Haplochromis - Information about Haplochromis
Home-made Rocks for the Mbuna Aquarium - A guide to help you mad home made rocks for your Mbuna aquarium.
Keeping Pseudotropheus - Information about Keeping Pseudotropheus
Malawi Cichlids - Information about Malawi Cichlids
Pseudotropheus - Information about Pseudotropheus
Breeding Pseudotropheus - Information about Pseudotropheus Breeding
Pseudotropheus introduction - Basic information about Pseudotropheus cichlids from lake Malawi.

Victoria Cichlid Articles

Aquarium Husbandry of the Christmas Fulu, Haplochromis (Xystichromis) phytophagus - This Lake Victoria haplochromine is easy to keep, feed and breed, but is endangered in the wild.
Breeding Astatotilapia nubila - : This Lake Victoria haplochromine cichlid has an aggressive temperament and is recommended for more experienced keepers
Breeding Lake Victoria Cichlids - Information about Breeding Lake Victoria Cichlids
Keeping Lake Victoria Cichlids - Information about Keeping Lake Victoria Cichlids
Lake Victoria - Information about Lake Victoria
Lake Victoria problems - Information about Lake Victoria problems
The Plight of the Lake Victoria Cichlids - Why native cichlid populations, tragically, are dwindling rapidly in Lake Victoria.

Tanganyika Cichlid Articles

Fairy Cichlid - Neolamprologus brichardi - keeping Neolamprologus brichardi
Breeding Julidochromis - Information about Breeding Julidochromis
Telmatochromis bifrenatus - Care and Breeding of Telmatochromis bifrenatus
Tanganyika Cichlids: Cavity brooders - Information about Cavity brooders
Julidochromis - Information about Julidochromis
Cyprichromis leptosoma - This Lake Tankanyika cichlid needs hard alkaline water, and is a surface spawning mouthbrooder.
Lake Tanganyika and its Diverse Cichlids - Learn more about the ciclids from lake Tanganyika.
Lake Tanganyika and the Tanganyika cichlids - Information about Lake Tanganyika and the Tanganyika cichlids
Lake Tanganyika Cichlids - There are three biotopes: Open Water, Rocky, and Shell Beds. Each attracts a different fish, which are kept diffrently
Tanganyika Cichlids:Mouth brooders - Information about Mouth brooders
Tanganyika Cichlids:Shell Dwellers - Information about Shell Dwellers
Spawning Aulonocranus dewindti 'Ikola Honey Strain' - Information on how to keep and breed this species.
Breeding Cyphotilapia frontosa - Breeding Cyphotilapia frontosa
Tanganyika Cichlids - Information about Tanganyika Cichlids
Tropheus brichardi 'Mpimbwe' - How to keep and breed this beatiful fish.
Tropheus duboisi 'Maswa' - Learn how to keep and breed thee beautiful cichlids..
Tropheus moorii - My Experiences - Keepin and breeding Tropheus.
Tropheus sp. - A guide to keeping this species.
Tropheus sp. Black - How to breed and raise this Lake Tanganyika cichlid.

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African Cichlid Fish