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Page 2 of 2 FirstFirst 12
Results 11 to 15 of 15
  1. Default


    0 Not allowed!
    I don't know of a test that measures a result of 5-7 nitrates... What test are you using?

    The algae is likely diatom algae. It's common in new tanks, and since you keep changing the filter media and disrupting the cycle, it's like starting a new tank every month.

    The bulbs in your tank will encourage algae growth. I agree with Cliff's recommendation of lights.

    You've also been given some good plant recommendations, although I don't believe dwarf hairgrass will carpet without CO2 and fertilizer.
    "The Dumpster Tank" 26g flat back hex - Betta albimarginata, corydoras, checker barbs, pork chop rasbora

    "Nano Fish Tank" 20g long - Celestial Pearl Danios, microrasboras, Corydoras habrosus

    "Mbuna Tank" 75g - Ps. saulosi, I. sprengerae, M. pulpican, M. joanjohnsonae

    "Time Out Tank" 29g - dominant male Cynotilapia sp. "hara"

  2. Default


    0 Not allowed!
    Quote Originally Posted by Sandz View Post
    I just wanted to throw my Plants 101 on this...

    First... the light:
    You will hear watts/gallon and par readings mentioned a lot if you do research on planted tanks. Also these ratings on the bulbs with different kelvin ratings. What is need-to-know for a begginer in plants is that a photoperiod (time the light is on) should be around 6-8hours in a day. Also, the kelvin rating for a bulb closest to the suns daylight is 6500k. Actinic (10000k) bulbs are used for salt water. They have a lot more blue in them and they are used to grow algae and provide a higher light penetration as the blue spectrum of light travels deepest in the water column. To sum up, daylight exposure of 8 hours, with easy to grow plants allows for the best starter level. Also remember that your light time on the tank, doesnt have to be corrisponding to your time you are at work. You could very easily turn the lights on when you get home and when you go to bed with little issue.

    The plants to start with:
    Most common plants found at a local fish store are easier species to grow. The most common are Amazon Sword Fern, Anubias, Java Moss, Hornwart and Sagittaria. You can also get floating plants like the red root floater, frogbit and duckweed.

    As a side note, with your light, you have enough penetrating light to grow dwarf hair grass without an issue if you are looking for a plant that can be a "carpet" or lawn for the bottom of the tank. You could also, after you get into the plants for a while, get some Vals or Vallisneria. They are prone to melting with shock of new tanks so it can be discouraging for begginers.

    Algae:
    Algae is going to grow for many different reasons. Overexposure to light, excess nutrients in the water that come from not enough water changes, poor overall tank maintenence. Right now with 10k bulbs you have an overabundance of light and its meant for growing the algae in that tank. When you get your photoperiod right and the light right, you will be great.

    Rhyzome plants:
    Be careful with plants that have a rhysome. Anubias and Java Fern have a thich stalklike base that should not be burried. Often times when it is burried in substrate it will rot and kill the plant. You can anchor these plants with fishing line or holocore with little issue.

    Hope this helps!
    Thanks so much, yes this all helps very much! Especially your info on the lighting. Knowing I have a wrong bulb that is for growing algae may explain my algae growth! I need to find the right bulb to replace that one actinic bulb and I hope that will help. Thanks again!

  3. Default


    0 Not allowed!
    Quote Originally Posted by nikelodeon79 View Post
    I don't know of a test that measures a result of 5-7 nitrates... What test are you using?

    The algae is likely diatom algae. It's common in new tanks, and since you keep changing the filter media and disrupting the cycle, it's like starting a new tank every month.

    The bulbs in your tank will encourage algae growth. I agree with Cliff's recommendation of lights.

    You've also been given some good plant recommendations, although I don't believe dwarf hairgrass will carpet without CO2 and fertilizer.
    I use the Nutrafin test kit. The color pink I am seeing is between 5 and 10 so that is a guess on my part.....5 - 7 Nitrates.
    I suppose I could just say less than 10 since the color is lighter than the color for 10 but a bit darker than the color for 5.

    I think the algae is the diatom. It comes off pretty easily although not completely. I have been getting conflicting advice on the filter pads in these HOB filters. Some say to change them monthly and others, like you, say not to change them. So I will try the easier way and not change them....just keep an eye on them and rinse them when they get dirty. My question would be does the carbon in these filter pads ever "wear out"?

    Thanks for the info. I am really not interested in this time to have a totally covered tank with plants of all kinds. Maybe down the road when I feel more comfortable with knowing I can actually grow plants in the tank. So the carpet grass is not something I would go for at this time.

  4. Default


    0 Not allowed!
    Quote Originally Posted by talldutchie View Post
    I'm sorry, I gave you some good plant species that are easy for starters. Not much more I can do for you. Looking up some common names for them and a few pictures so you can recognize them is up to you.
    Thanks I will do that and thanks for the names of good starter plants.

  5. #15

    Join Date
    Aug 2010
    Location
    Jacksonville, FL
    Posts
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    Default


    0 Not allowed!
    The carbon is not there to filter your tank. Its great at removing medicines and impurities in the water but its not common use in FW tanks. Leave it in there and let it be used for a surface for biological bacteria to grow. You need to read up on the free ebook on the left side of the main forum and you need to learn about the nitrogen cycle. Many great refs on this site.
    FW: 1 45gal, 1 40gal, 3 10gal, 3 30gal all community tanks of different species
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