View Full Version : Brine shrimp
11-24-2004, 01:08 PM
Hi Folks, :wink:
Again i have a question, this time about how to breed Brine Shrimps.
I dont mean the little ones which you can use in the first weeks of young frys, but the big ones which you can buy in stores. I want to breed them because they are expensive here in the Netherlands and my fishes like it a lot :lol:
Anyone knows how to do this?
11-24-2004, 04:32 PM
I was just going to write you an answer however i ended up writing a short article on the subject that will also be posted in the library.
Brine shrimps or artemia is a zooplankton used as fry food although Brine shrimps can be grown to about 20 mm (0.8 inch) in length and be a valuable food source for adult fishes. What makes brine shrimps such ideal fry food is their good nutritional value, that they can live 5 hours in fresh water before they die and the fact that the eggs can be stored for many years as long as they are kept away from water and oxygen. Once the tried eggs are returned into oxygenated saltwater they resume their development and hatch. This is an adaptation to living in dessert lakes that dries out.
The hatching time is depending on the temperature and takes 15 to 20 hours at 25įC (77įF). A Higher temperature shortens hatching time. The optimal hatching temperature is depending on the origin of the brine shrimps however temperatures between 25-30įC (77-86įF) are to be recommended.
- Recommended salinity is 30-35 ppt (1.022-1.026 density)
- PH 8.0 (pH 6.0-9.0 is acceptable)
Once they hatch they enter the Umbrella stage during which the larva doesnít feed since they donít have any developed mouth or anus. They survive on their yolk sack during this time.
After 12 hours they enter the second stage if development and start feeding by filtering micro algae from the water. The nauplii grows fast and can reach adulthood in 8 days. Brine shrimp can live for up to 3 month.
Since this article is focusing on growing your brine shrimp to adulthood I will not address the question of how to hatch brine shrimp.
Caring for your Brine shrimp
There are several factors that contribute to the successful raising of brine shrimp to adult size. The two most important besides given the brine shrimp the above stated water perimeters are:
ē Feeding: brine shrimp are not hard to feed. They accepts most foods the can filter out of the water as long as itís not to big and doesnít dissolve in water. There are brine shrimp food available in pet stores that contains micro algae for the nauplii to eat however there are quite a few cheaper alternative that you can by in your regular grocery store. Examples on this are Yeast, wheat flour, soybean powder, egg yolk. Itís hard to know how much to feed the nauplii however the transparency of the water can be of help. The first weeks you should be able to se about 15 cm in the water. When the nauplii grows the food concentration should be kept a little lower and a water transparency of 25 cm is recommended. Food levels should be kept constant so frequent feedings are required.
ē Aquarium maintenance: Brine shrimp are usually kept in small tanks which means that water quality may deteriorate quickly. This means that water changes are of utmost importance. I recommend changing at least 20% two times a week. This is to prevent low oxygen levels which will be a result of poor water quality. Itís also important to clean the bottom of the tank since brine shrimp moult very often during their way to adult hood which leaves a lot of remains on the bottom of the tank which may deteriorate the water quality. This should be done by night using a flashlight to draw the brine shrimp to the surface. Brine shrimp are drawn to light and the light from the flashlight will attract the brine shrimp to the light source keeping them safe while you are cleaning the bottom of the tank.
Breeding brine shrimp
If well cared for and kept in a low salinity then your adult brine shrimp will (might) spawn in your aquarium. Every adult female is capable of producing 75 nauplii a day or rather 300 nauplii every 4 days. They will be able to spawn 10 times during a normal lifespan. However if well cared for they can as I stated earlier life for as long as 3 month and during that entire time spawn every 4 days.
Personally I never grown adult brine shrimp for food, only for fun, o I donít know how much work would be involved if you would like to have a constant supply of adult brine shrimp for your fishes.
12-01-2004, 07:47 PM
Glad to see that youíre managing well in my absences. :P
08-22-2006, 05:15 AM
I was interested only in raising small brine shrimp for feeding. I have a 2.5 gal set up with 1 cup sea salt mixed in, a air stone, a light, and am plannig to get a heater. I put a bag of a little over 100 in the tank. Is ther anything else I need to do?
08-22-2006, 02:29 PM
Well just folow Williams guide and youll do fine
08-22-2006, 04:40 PM
Just make sure that you have high wate flow everywhere in the tank so the eggs doesn't sink to the bottom in a corner.
08-22-2006, 11:37 PM
how would you do that?
08-23-2006, 05:14 PM
The best thing to do is to use a container without any corners like an up side down bottle. Other wise you just have to make sure there is enough airation.
08-23-2006, 07:30 PM
12-17-2006, 04:07 PM
I was going to post a thread on daphnia when I saw this thread I would be interested in knowing how to get brine shrimp to go forth and multiply. There are a couple lakes here in the middle of the prairies that have a shrimp harvesting opperation going on. I took a sample of the water a few years back and found the salt content was off the scale. there were shrimp in the sample, but I couldn't get them to survive.
12-17-2006, 10:10 PM
I found it is just as easy to use a sea monkey kit! Call me lazy, but it comes with food, container and directions. My daughter did it for a science project and when it was done the fish got a treat.:18:
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